Bài 1. Internet Users as percentage of population
The line graph compares the percentage of people in three countries who used the Internet between 1999 and 2009.
It is clear that the proportion of the population who used the Internet increased in each country over the period shown. Overall, a much larger percentage of Canadians and Americans had access to the Internet in comparison with Mexicans, and Canada experienced the fastest growth in Internet usage.
In 1999, the proportion of people using the Internet in the USA was about 20%. The figures for Canada and Mexico were lower, at about 10% and 5% respectively. In 2005, Internet usage in both the USA and Canada rose to around 70% of the population, while the figure for Mexico reached just over 25%.
By 2009, the percentage of Internet users was highest in Canada. Almost 100% of Canadians used the Internet, compared to about 80% of Americans and only 40% of Mexicans.
Từ vựng + ngữ pháp:
- percentage /pəˈsen.tɪdʒ/ (N):
- an amount of something, often expressed as a number out of 100. (‘Percentage’ là danh từ đếm được mang nghĩa tỉ lệ phần trăm)
- ‘Percentage’ không bao giờ đứng sau một con số, ‘percentage’ đứng trước of + Danh từ.
- proportion /prəˈpɔː.ʃən/ (N):
- a part or share of a whole (‘proportion’ là một phần của một tổng, là danh từ đếm được).
- ‘Proportion’ có thể dùng để paraphrase cho ‘percentage’ trong Writing Task 1.
- Overall: Nhìn chung
- figures /ˈfɪɡ.ər/ (N): Số liệu
- respectively /rɪˈspek.tɪv.li/ (Adv): Tương ứng với
- Internet usage: Sử dụng internet
- Usage /ˈjuː.sɪdʒ/ (N): Cách sử dụng
Bài 2. International migration in UK
The chart gives information about UK immigration, emigration and net migration between 1999 and 2008.
Both immigration and emigration rates rose over the period shown, but the figures for
immigration were significantly higher. Net migration peaked in 2004 and 2007.
In 1999, over 450,000 people came to live in the UK, while the number of people who emigrated stood at just under 300,000. The figure for net migration was around 160,000, and it remained at a similar level until 2003. From 1999 to 2004, the immigration rate rose by nearly 150,000 people, but there was a much smaller rise in emigration. Net migration peaked at almost 250,000 people in 2004.
After 2004, the rate of immigration remained high, but the number of people emigrating
fluctuated. Emigration fell suddenly in 2007, before peaking at about 420,000 people in 2008. As a result, the net migration figure rose to around 240,000 in 2007, but fell back to around 160,000 in 2008.
Bài 3. Water consumption
The graph and table below give information about water use worldwide and water
consumption in two different countries.
The charts compare the amount of water used for agriculture, industry and homes around the world, and water use in Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
It is clear that global water needs rose significantly between 1900 and 2000, and that agriculture accounted for the largest proportion of water used. We can also see that water consumption was considerably higher in Brazil than in the Congo.
In 1900, around 500km³ of water was used by the agriculture sector worldwide. The figures for industrial and domestic water consumption stood at around one fifth of that amount. By 2000, global water use for agriculture had increased to around 3000km³, industrial water use had risen to just under half that amount, and domestic consumption had reached approximately 500km³.
In the year 2000, the populations of Brazil and the Congo were 176 million and 5.2 million
respectively. Water consumption per person in Brazil, at 359m³, was much higher than that in the Congo, at only 8m³, and this could be explained by the fact that Brazil had 265 times more irrigated land.
(184 words, band 9)